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Temperature: -40 to 20 degrees Celsius, average summer temperature is 10 degrees Celsius

Precipitation: 300 to 900 mm of rain per year


"Taiga" means dense evergreen forest. It is also commonly known as the Coniferous Forest or Boreal Forest and is made up of conifer trees such as fir and spruce trees. These trees are dark green with needle-shaped leaves that stay green year round. This helps the trees hold heat from the sun and promote photosynthesis. It is the largest of the biomes on land and is located just south of the Tundra in the northern parts of North America, Europe and Asia.


The climate in the Taiga is, for most of the year, very cold with a lot of ice and snow. It has late springs, short summers, and long winters. Although the summers are generally warmer, it is not uncommon for the temperatures to drop below freezing.

Animal life you can find in the Taiga include moose, bears, wolves and weasels. Thousands of birds such as owls and hawks also find the taiga comfortable.

Davis, B. (2007). Biomes and Ecosystems. Pleasantville: Gareth Stevens

Donnelly, K. (2003). Biomes of the Past and the Future. New York: Rosen